REDD+ is a climate change mitigation mechanism that aims to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by keeping the carbon in trees and forests.
REDD+ stands for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and through the conservation of forests, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
The ‘+’ in REDD+ aims to protect the carbon stocks in forests and also enhance the process of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and accumulating it in the forest carbon pool.
REDD+ offers financial incentives to developing countries to keep trees standing or to grow more trees to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and increase sequestration.
The 16th meeting of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties in Cancun, Mexico, encouraged developing countries that are party to the convention to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the forest sector by undertaking REDD+ activities.
The 5 activities under REDD+
1. Reducing emissions from deforestation
Deforestation is the complete change of a forest area to another land use type. This includes the removal of forests to grow crops (such as yaqona and dalo) and the clearance of forests to establish new settlements.
2. Reducing emissions from forest degradation
Forest degradation is the long-term reduction of the overall potential supply of benefits and services from the forest (this includes carbon, wood and biodiversity). The area is still considered a forest but it is in a degraded state. This can result from the removal of selected tree species, which makes the forest structure less diverse, or the removal of trees on slopes and near waterways, which can lead to contamination of creeks and rivers, affecting the water supply.
3. Forest conservation
Forest conservation refers to preserving forests that are under threat from being removed or degraded.
4. Sustainable management of forests
Sustainable management means managing forests to maintain their ecosystem services (including carbon storage). This includes applying logging practices that do less damage (like reduced impact logging) to the forest as compared to highly destructive conventional logging methods.
5. Carbon stock enhancement
Carbon stock enhancement refers to reforestation, afforestation and rehabilitation of degraded forests. Examples include putting in more trees in an area with poor tree stocks, or establishing forests on talasiga grasslands.
For more information:
Climate Get the Big Picture - http://bigpicture.unfccc.int/
The National REDD+ Programme is supported by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).