The Fiji National REDD+ Programme

Tuesday, April 18, 2017 - 13:52

The Fiji National REDD+ Programme.

The Fiji National REDD+ Programe was established in 2009. The focal agency is the Ministry of Forests which includes a REDD+ Unit. The implementation of the programme is guided by the National REDD+ Steering Committee (NRSC) composed of members from various sectors and agencies. The REDD+ Secretariat supports the NRSC in carrying out its roles. 

I. Objectives of the Programme

The Fiji National REDD+ Programme aims to implement the National REDD+ Policy. The Fiji REDD+ Policy has the overall objective of enhancing the national forest-based carbon balance by: 

i) Supporting and strengthening initiatives that address the drivers of forest-based carbon emissions 

ii) Encouraging the drivers of forest-based carbon sinks 

 

II. Tackling the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation

For Fiji to successfully undertake REDD+, the country will need to:

  • address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and
  • promote drivers of forest expansion and conservation.

The 3 main drivers of deforestation in Fiji are:

  • Agriculture clearance
  • Infrastructure development
  • Settlement establishment

The 3 main drivers of forest degradation are:

  • Destructive logging
  • Firewood collection
  • Burning

To address the above drivers, the Fiji REDD+ programme ensures a multi-stakeholder and mutli-sectoral consultation, planning and implementation process.

Actions being undertaken by the Fiji National REDD+ Programme to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation include:

·      holistic land use planning and natural resource management;

·      providing positive incentives to reduce pressure on forests;

·      promoting alternative income sources;

·      promoting sustainable agricultural practices and technologies that reduce forest clearance;

·      promoting sustainable forest management;

·      promoting forest ecosystem services;

·      targeting forests under threat and biodiversity ‘hotspots’;

·      policy interventions and enforcement of legislation; and

·      promoting an integrated ‘ridge to reef’ landscape approach.

How will Fiji benefit from the National REDD+ Programme?

  • REDD+ provides an alternative to income generating activities that may harm or destroy valuable forests. Forest owners and local communities are provided with an opportunity to get paid for keeping or properly managing their forests. Forests are protected while forest owners and communities earn an income. Sustainable management and protection of forests:

               - Reduces silt and soil contamination of rivers and waterways and therefore supports healthy reefs and marine habitats.

               - Strengthens resilience of local communities living in and in the vicinity of forests to cope with the current and predicted impacts of climate change and related events.

               - Ensures that forest services are maintained or enhanced. This includes the provision of clean water, wild food in the forest and shelter for indigenous fauna; protection of medicinal plants; provision of building                                materials; enrichment of soil and regulation of local climate.

  • The REDD+ programme will support the development of national guidelines for free, prior, and informed consent so that Fiji can promote a transparent, participatory and informed consultation and consent building process with resource owners and stakeholders.
  • The REDD+ programme will develop a more efficient and effective forest monitoring system where forest growth, forest cover change and forest carbon stock change will be monitored following internationally recognised methods.
  • The REDD+ programme will convert degraded and unused land to valuable and productive forested areas.
  • The implementation of REDD+ will result in the protection of our terrestrial biodiversity and will put in place more effective biodiversity monitoring tools.
  • The REDD+ programme will contribute to more robust national reporting of the greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector.
  • The REDD+ programme will ensure that financial benefits from REDD+ will contribute to improving the livelihoods of households including women, children, youths and disadvantaged groups.
  •  REDD+ is part of Fiji’s contribution towards the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and tackle climate change.

Some milestones

2017:  REDD+ Emalu Pilot site lease secured for landowners 

2016: Signing of the Letter of Intent for results-based payment from REDD+

2012–2015: The Government of Fiji provides capital funding of FJD 300,000/year for REDD+ preparedness activities

2011–2013: Drafting of the National REDD+ Strategy through multi-stakeholder consultation process
 

2011–2012: Calculation of Fiji carbon stock and forest cover change
 

2011: Carbon financing and formal approval process for forest carbon projects added into draft Forest Decree
 

2011: Formalisation of the Fiji REDD+ Steering Committee – an official body, with multi-sectoral membership, to guide and monitor REDD+ activities in the country
 

2010: Endorsement of Fiji National REDD+ Policy (developed through extensive stakeholder consultation)
 

2009 – ongoing: Wide awareness-raising and training for involved sectors and local communities

2009 – ongoing: Training of relevant technical officers in technical areas

 

The National REDD+ Programme is supported by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), World Bank, Pacific Community (SPC) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).
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