The Fiji National REDD+ Programe was established in 2009. The focal agency is the Ministry of Forests which includes a REDD+ Unit. The implementation of the programme is guided by the National REDD+ Steering Committee (NRSC) composed of members from various sectors and agencies. The REDD+ Secretariat supports the NRSC in carrying out its roles.
I. Objectives of the Programme
The Fiji National REDD+ Programme aims to implement the National REDD+ Policy. The Fiji REDD+ Policy has the overall objective of enhancing the national forest-based carbon balance by:
i) Supporting and strengthening initiatives that address the drivers of forest-based carbon emissions
ii) Encouraging the drivers of forest-based carbon sinks
II. Tackling the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation
For Fiji to successfully undertake REDD+, the country will need to:
The 3 main drivers of deforestation in Fiji are:
The 3 main drivers of forest degradation are:
To address the above drivers, the Fiji REDD+ programme ensures a multi-stakeholder and mutli-sectoral consultation, planning and implementation process.
Actions being undertaken by the Fiji National REDD+ Programme to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation include:
· holistic land use planning and natural resource management;
· providing positive incentives to reduce pressure on forests;
· promoting alternative income sources;
· promoting sustainable agricultural practices and technologies that reduce forest clearance;
· promoting sustainable forest management;
· promoting forest ecosystem services;
· targeting forests under threat and biodiversity ‘hotspots’;
· policy interventions and enforcement of legislation; and
· promoting an integrated ‘ridge to reef’ landscape approach.
- Reduces silt and soil contamination of rivers and waterways and therefore supports healthy reefs and marine habitats.
- Strengthens resilience of local communities living in and in the vicinity of forests to cope with the current and predicted impacts of climate change and related events.
- Ensures that forest services are maintained or enhanced. This includes the provision of clean water, wild food in the forest and shelter for indigenous fauna; protection of medicinal plants; provision of building materials; enrichment of soil and regulation of local climate.
2017: REDD+ Emalu Pilot site lease secured for landowners
2016: Signing of the Letter of Intent for results-based payment from REDD+
2012–2015: The Government of Fiji provides capital funding of FJD 300,000/year for REDD+ preparedness activities
2011–2013: Drafting of the National REDD+ Strategy through multi-stakeholder consultation process
2011–2012: Calculation of Fiji carbon stock and forest cover change
2011: Carbon financing and formal approval process for forest carbon projects added into draft Forest Decree
2011: Formalisation of the Fiji REDD+ Steering Committee – an official body, with multi-sectoral membership, to guide and monitor REDD+ activities in the country
2010: Endorsement of Fiji National REDD+ Policy (developed through extensive stakeholder consultation)
2009 – ongoing: Wide awareness-raising and training for involved sectors and local communities
2009 – ongoing: Training of relevant technical officers in technical areas
The National REDD+ Programme is supported by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), World Bank, Pacific Community (SPC) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).